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PRACTICE-BASED RESEARCH NETWORKS (PBRNs) AND THE TRANSLATION OF RESEARCH INTO PRACTICE

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005
Administered by:

Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
(see all US Federal Agencies)

Explore all postings for this grant program:
  • Original Grant - Jan 29, 2004
Applications Due:


Multiple Receipt Dates - See Link to Full Announcement for details.

total funding: Not Available
max award: none
min award: none
cost sharing, matching: No
number of awards: Not Available
type of funding: Grant
Description:

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and the National Cancer
Institute (NCI) seek research proposals from new or established primary care
practice-based research networks (PBRNs) to (1) evaluate scientifically-based
strategies for translating evidence into sustainable improvements in clinical
practice and outcomes, and/or (2) develop, improve, and/or validate research
dissemination methods applicable to cancer control in primary care practice.
A PBRN is defined as a group of ambulatory practices devoted principally to
the primary care of patients, affiliated with each other in order to
investigate questions related to community-based practice. This definition
includes a sense of ongoing commitment to the research endeavor, and an
organizational structure that transcends a single study.

This program announcement builds on earlier RFAs from AHRQ (Translating
Research Into Practice I and II; Quality Improvement Strategies in Health
Care; Partnerships for Quality) and NCI (Research Dissemination and Diffusion
Supplement to R01, P01, U01 and U19 NCI cancer control research grants) by
focusing on approaches for promoting the translation of research evidence
into practice that are effective specifically in community-based primary care
settings. In the context of this announcement, research translation
encompasses the use of evidence-informed approaches to primary care
practice change (e.g., the systematic but as yet untested application of
recommendations from the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services;
http://www.preventiveservices.ahrq.gov/), testing the impact of primary care
practice tools developed by AHRQ (e.g., Put Prevention Into Practice;
http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/ppipix.htm), and evaluating the dissemination and
implementation of evidence-based primary care practice tools previously
tested and found to be effective and/or efficacious in peer-reviewed
research.

PBRNs are invited to apply for funds to modify or adapt evidence-based
and/or evidence-informed tools and strategies for implementing sound
research evidence and to test their use, sustainability and replicability in
diverse primary care practices and among various patient populations.
Evidence-based tool refers to a tool whose use has been shown to impact
practice through systematic testing and/or evaluation in research. Evidence-
informed tool refers to a tool where the content is based on science but the
use (and therefore the impact) of the tool has never been systematically
tested or evaluated in research. Applicants will be required to develop
projects that use rigorous scientific methods to determine the impact of the
translational effort and to assess the influence of contextual factors on
their findings. Project evaluations should include an assessment of
appropriate outcomes related to quality of care. A particular interest of
AHRQ is the use of information technology (e.g., hand-held devices,
electronic medical records, internet applications) in translating research
findings into policy and care. NCI is interested specifically in supporting
exploratory/developmental dissemination and diffusion research applications
that focus on the adoption of evidence-based cancer control interventions
within primary care practices. An additional interest of NCI is to explore
the applicability of different theories on the dissemination and diffusion of
innovation [e.g., Rogers, 2003; Glasgow, 2003] to primary care cancer control
practice, using tools developed in controlled trials (e.g., smoking cessation
approaches, reminders, motivational telephone calls, etc.).

AHRQ and NCI are strongly committed to supporting research in priority
populations, which include women, children, elderly, minority, rural, urban,
and low-income populations, as well as patients with special health care
needs and disabilities. It is expected that results generated from these
projects will serve as a basis for planning future, larger-scale (R01)
research. The long-term goal of this initiative is to improve the capacity
of primary care practices in the U.S. to establish mechanisms to assure that
new knowledge is incorporated into actual practice and that its impact is
assessed.

Who can apply:

Anyone/General Public
City Or Township Governments
County Governments
Federally Recognized Indian Tribal Governments
Independent School Districts
Individual/Family
Minority Group
Native American Organization
Non-Government - General
Nonprofits Having A 501(C)(3) Status With The IRS, Other Than Institutions Of Higher Education
Nonprofits That Do Not Have A 501(C)(3) Status With The IRS, Other Than Institutions Of Higher Education
Other Private Institution/Organization
Private Institutions Of Higher Education
Private Nonprofit Institution/Organization (Includes Institutions Of Higher Education, Hospitals)
Profit Organization
Public And State Controlled Institutions Of Higher Education
Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities
Small Business (Less Than 500 Employees
Special District Governments
State (Includes District Of Columbia; Includes Institutions Of Higher Education And Hospitals)
U.S. Territories And Possessions (Includes Institutions Of Higher Education, Hospitals)

Eligible functional categories:
Funding Sources:

Cancer Control
Research on Healthcare Costs, Quality and Outcomes

More Information:

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-04-041.html

If you have problems accessing the full announcement, please contact: NIH OER Webmaster

Address Info:

Office of Extramural Programs
6705 Rockledge Drive
Bethesda, MD 20892-7963

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